The role of
institutions in society
The role of
institutions in the
|What are the characteristics
with being instituionalized & does the institution have any
I think institutions operate within guidelines and from those guidlines
people act in a certain manner. Its like customer service. People
expect a certain level of treatment and rights to be respected
especially when money is involved and to attract the consumers they
need to hit targets and they have ways of doing that.
If disipline is needed in prison and compassion is needed as a nurse
you can see how people will act differently.
All institutions operate within guidelines which also act like a belief
system to get what they want from life and to keep the 'majority' of
The characteristics in (people) i think are:
Linear thinking, lack of emotion, not always open to new methods of
doing things, convincing you their way is best and that you need to
trust their methods.
hope that helped!
Institutions are a part of the social
construction of a community
, and define the way we interact
with each other within society. They are determined by the cultures and
values of that society, and provide order and stability within society
Pasquale De Muro and
(The role of institutions for
human development 2008.P5) argue that institutions are necessary in any
human endeavour towards social and economic prosperity.
Human development is defined as a process enlarging people’s choices,
achieved by expanding human capabilities and functionings (UNDP, 1990).
Human development is strongly linked with institutions, first of all
because in order to expand human capabilities institutions are needed.
Moreover, institutions need to be rightly oriented, providing
opportunities to poor and to people in general. Values and social norms
such as equality, solidarity and co-operation shape formal institutions
and choices. In turn, capabilities are enlarged by institutions (Sen,
role of institutions for human development 2008.P5)
Each community has its particular institutions that bond the members of
the community. They serve as a foundation for the formal/informal
cultures, values, expectations, objectives, hierarchies, goals,
policies, constitutions, unwritten laws or codes of behaviour etc
"). Whether the community is a
family, a school,
sporting or social group, a cultural or religious group, a community
home, hostel or nursing home they all need a structure that defines the
An institution could be describes as:
... any club, facility,
... has more than one member that actively participates in the club,
facility, organisation or activity
... is organised within a defined set of formal and informal beliefs,
values, roles, expectations and behaviours
... may be highly structured within these formal/informal beliefs,
values, roles, expectations and behaviours
... shares a set of objectives
An institution therefore refers to:
... the setting of the
design, location and anything that is removed from or added to, that
may influence, aid or protect the members,
... the structure of the activity: the various restrictions that are
added to, or removed from the activity, or the way the activity is
... the formal/informal behaviours and attitudes of the members: the
various policies, rules, roles, hierarchies of the members.
With regard to people with intellectual disabilities, the aged etc.,
terms institution and institutionalisation has been used to describe:
The problem is not the institution, but the way in which it is used.
Think of any good examples
institutionalised care: living,
health, recreation etc.
Think of any bad examples of institutionalised care: living,
It can then be seen that the institution (the building) and the
institution (the "social
The building : large, lots
separate areas etc.
: the roles,
values, behaviours and
expectations of its members
The outcomes : of 1) the building, and, 2) it's "social
At a bank, for example, we open an account and get an account number.
We become a part of that system (institutionalised). The account number
is our identity, and we are treated as a number rather than a person.
The bank is only interested in our financial affairs and other parts of
our lives become less important. The bank has a certain amount of
control in our financial affairs, and we become dependent on the bank
in other areas of our lives.
Banks also have valued roles in society.
They provide the mechanisms that facilitate commercial investment and
economic development. While some groups may see banks as evil,
predatory and self serving, they have a responsibility to their members
(shareholders, employees and customers) as well as the wider business
The bank ...
... provides a service to
... provides for it's own needs
... provides for the needs of it's members
... has to operate within government policy and practice in fulfilling
its role in society.
This happens in all parts of society. We
have an employment number, a tax number, a drivers license number, a
social security number, a passport number etc. that all designed to
group people into classifications and categories that allow a business
or service to function. The terms "Institutionalisation" and
"deinstitutionalisation" are used to describe
the situation that people with high support needs live in, and the
process of enabling these people to live more normal lives in the
Institutionalisation could be described as a loss of identity within
This can happen anywhere,
person becomes a part of an
organisation, group or "the system" that treats the members as a single
unit rather than individuals. This can happen to a greater or lesser
extent according to the institutions of the organisation, group or "the
Deinstitutionalisation could be described as a gaining of identity
The institutions of the
group or "the
system" change to accommodate differences and individual needs of the
members of the organisation, group or "the system". By changing the
expectations of the members where
they have the opportunity to participate in normal activities that
others take for granted.
When providing the most
care for people with high support
1) The community is not
person is living, but where the
person participates, shares experiences and has valued relationships
2) People with high support needs (severe disability, aged etc.)
will always need support structures as a part of their lives.
3) The amount of participation in a community (living, education,
employment or recreation) is directly related to the skills and
resources of the person, and, the skills and resources of the
community that the person wishes to participate in.
4) Institutions are going to be around in one form or another
whether we like it or not, It is the way that they are used that is the
5) The institutions of a society towards a particular group
determine the way the group participates in society.
6) The institutions of a particular government department,
profession or service define the way the person is supported within
7) Facilities that support people with high support needs do not
need to be the nursing homes or prisons in the
that they are today, but can become warm inviting community places that
offer a range of services to the community, as well as be a part of the
wider community within that society.
8) People with high support needs are a minority group in our
society, and will have the same problems as other minority groups in
being a part of society.