role of government policy and practice in the community
policy and practice (the institutions
of government, and
how these institutions determine the decision making process towards
interventions in community practice).
The various programs or
strategies designed to
people in society have evolved through a process that could be best
describes as "trial and error" in response to various social issues
within society. Government resopnds to an issue by creating a
department to deal with the issue.
Universities and institutions use historical and evedance
related to the issue within that arena.
People with an
are supported within the
People with a physical disability are supported within the
The aged are supported within the gerontology arena
department or locality has a different approach
to supporting disadvantaged people in society..
There are a number of reasons for this
of government policy: Each government has a different economic and
social structure and a different politicial framework that fulfills the
needs of the state.
When providing the most
care for people with high support
... Political agenda: While
a particular political party sets the agenda in policy and practice
within a state, it is the social institutions of the various
departments that determine how the policy and practice is used in wider
policy has evolved to suite the needs of the state. Because each has
different needs, these policies will be different.
1) The community is not
person is living, but where the
person participates, shares experiences and has valued relationships
2) People with high support needs (severe disability, aged etc.)
will always need support structures as a part of their lives.
3) The amount of participation in a community (living, education,
employment or recreation) is directly related to the skills and
resources of the person, and, the skills and resources of the
community that the person wishes to participate in.
4) Institutions are going to be around in one form or another
whether we like it or not, It is the way that they are used that is the
5) The institutions of a society towards a particular group
determine the way the group participates in society.
6) The institutions of a particular government department,
profession or service define the way the person is supported within
7) Facilities that support people with high support needs do not
need to be the nursing homes or prisons in the
that they are today, but can become warm inviting community places that
offer a range of services to the community, as well as be a part of the
wider community within that society.
8) People with high support needs are a minority group in our
society, and will have the same problems as other minority groups in
being a part of society.