! Understanding communities
Dysfunctional communities !
disability service organisations ! An
alternative model ! Community
research ! Community survey
Is it Social Role
Social Role Valorisation (SRV)
Disability and community
does the community care?
Institutional (social) care
institutionalisation of community care
local community group (LCG)
Fulfillment, Values and The Role of Supportive Communities
roles Vs Community roles Vs Identity
valued roles and Social Role Valorisation (SRV)
Is it Social Role
At primary school, for example, you are a teacher, and
are introducing a new person into the class.
You may say to the class "Class, This is Johnny, he is new here and
looking for some friends. He likes to play footy.” “Who wants to show
around the school and help him meet some friends?".”Who wants to help
with his homework ?" etc, etc ,,,,
In doing this, you are creating a positive environment where the class
valued role in supporting Johnny as a group, as well as providing
for the members in the class.
This does not mean that Johnny has a valued social role
yet. That is
determined by his relationships with the other members. If Johnny
connects with the other members through shared experiences and valued
relationships, then Johnny has a valued social role.
If Johnny is in
the class with another person (introducing another role),
the others in
the class may resent his inclusion. If it is not done properly Johnny
may not develop any meaningful relationships. The other children in the
class also learn that this is a normal part of the community of the
classroom where their role is not inclusive in supporting the person.
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Johnny may also have the opportunity to connect with the other members
school (rather than the class) that he is a part of, through shared
and valued relationships.
This can happen in any group at any level.
The implications of this are:
... the community of the
classroom has a valued role in supporting new members
the children may learn a behaviour that is
inclusive (welcoming the new person)
children may learn some tolerance and acceptance of others who
the same as themselves (accepting the new person)
behaviour may be transferred to other areas if the child’s life
behaviour may be normalised as a part of the culture of the
Johnny may become valued as a member of the classroom (SRV)
This can happen in any group at any
level. At church or a sports or
social club, new members are introduced to other remembers in formal or
informal ceremonies as way to welcome the new person.
When providing the most appropriate
care for people with high support
1) The community is not where the
person is living, but where the
person participates, shares experiences and has valued relationships
2) People with high support needs (severe disability, aged etc.)
will always need support structures as a part of their lives.
3) The amount of participation in a community (living, education,
employment or recreation) is directly related to the skills and
resources of the person, and, the skills and resources of the
community that the person wishes to participate in.
4) Institutions are going to be around in one form or another
whether we like it or not, It is the way that they are used that is the
5) The institutions of a society towards a particular group
determine the way the group participates in society.
6) The institutions of a particular government department,
profession or service define the way the person is supported within
7) Facilities that support people with high support needs do not
need to be the nursing homes or prisons in the
that they are today, but can become warm inviting community places that
offer a range of services to the community, as well as be a part of the
wider community within that society.
8) People with high support needs are a minority group in our
society, and will have the same problems as other minority groups in
being a part of society.